Austria FAMILY LIFE
Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
The L�nersee in the province of Vorarlberg is used to produce electricity.
View of the Danube near Grein in the province of Lower Austria
In the late nineteenth century, large sections of the Austrian population were effectively excluded from the institutions of marriage and family because they lacked the property and income necessary to participate in them. In Alpine and rural communities, for example, property ownership was a traditional prerequisite for marriage that neither day-laborers nor household servants of landowning farmers could meet. Among urban and industrial working classes, poverty was so widespread that it made the establishment of independent households and families difficult.
During the course of the twentieth century, however, marriage and family have become increasingly common, especially after World War II, when the "economic miracle" brought prosperity to nearly everyone. For the first time in Austrian history, there was almost uniform access to these basic social institutions. Because of this, the postwar period up through the 1960s represented a "golden age" of the family in Austria. More than 90 percent of the women born between 1935 and 1945 have married--a percentage higher than any generation before or since. The "twochild family" was considered an ideal.
Data as of December 1993
NOTE: The information regarding Austria on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Austria FAMILY LIFE information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Austria FAMILY LIFE should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.