Chile INCOME, LABOR UNIONS, AND THE PENSIONS SYSTEM
Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
The modernization of labor-market legislation during the late 1970s played a fundamental role in the subsequent performance of the Chilean economy. Included in this modernization were: reforms in the labor code that assign individual workers the right to seek representation in collective organizations, and a reduction in the cost of dismissals. Moreover, the financial reforms in social security and health care removed a major tax burden from the labor market, as it transformed social security and health care taxes into required basic health care programs. In addition, the reforms in the financing of education had a tremendous impact on the allocation of human resources and resulted in a significant growth of privately funded technical training programs (see Welfare Institutions and Social Programs , ch. 2). The financial aspects of these reforms directly affected the efficiency of the labor market. For example, pension funds became the largest institutional investors of the capital market, representing 26.5 percent of GDP in 1990 (see Economic Results of the Pensions Privatization , this ch.).
Data as of March 1994
NOTE: The information regarding Chile on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Chile INCOME, LABOR UNIONS, AND THE PENSIONS SYSTEM information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Chile INCOME, LABOR UNIONS, AND THE PENSIONS SYSTEM should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.