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Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
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    Figure 7. Topography and Drainage


    Women in village costume, Metsovon, Epirus
    Courtesy Sam and Sarah Stulberg


    Slate-roofed houses in the Pindus Mountains
    Courtesy Sam and Sarah Stulberg

    The territory occupied by the Greek nation comprises the southern tip of the mountainous Balkan Peninsula and an intricate complex of smaller peninsulas and islands that define the northeast corner of the Mediterranean Sea. Because of this combination of physical features, the topography of Greece is extremely complex and varied. Including all its offshore territory, Greece occupies 131,957 square kilometers. It is bounded on the north by the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM--the name internationally approved in 1993 for that entity after its 1991 declaration of independence) and Bulgaria; on the northwest by Albania; on the east by Turkey and the Aegean Sea; and on the south and west by the Sea of Crete, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Ionian Sea (see fig. 2).

    Data as of December 1994

    NOTE: The information regarding Greece on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Greece PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Greece PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.

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Revised 10-Nov-04
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