Greece Evolution of the KKE
Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
Between the dissolution of the Center Union following the 1977 election and PA's ascendancy in 1993, the KKE was the third largest party in Greece. The best performance of the KKE standing on its own was the 11 percent of the vote achieved in 1981. (In coalition with the KKE-Interior under Synaspismos, a high of 13 percent was reached in the June 1989 election.)
Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the collapse of the Warsaw Pact (see Glossary) alliance in 1991, the KKE has become a more marginal player. In the 1993 election, its 4.5 percent share of the vote made the future look bleak. The KKE has shown no signs of changing traditional communist dogma to project an image attractive to a large number of younger voters. Its constituency remains primarily traditional left-wing voters in some sections of the working class and the refugee population centered in the largest cities, in parts of Thessaly in north-central Greece, and on some of the Dodecanese and Ionian islands.
The KKE is organized according to the standard Soviet model: control of local party cells is centralized in the highest party organization, the politburo, which is headed by the secretary general of the party. The politburo is elected by the central committee, which meets every six to eight months. The committee in turn is elected by the party congress, held every four years, which is in principle the highest policy-making authority. In practice, power within the party is highly concentrated in the politburo. In the 1980s, the party's mass organizations lost much of their strength among university student organizations and labor unions. The most notable loss has been in Greece's major trade union organization, the General Confederation of Greek Workers (Geniki Synomospondia Ergaton Ellados--GSEE), which until the mid-1980s was heavily influenced by the party.
Data as of December 1994
NOTE: The information regarding Greece on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Greece Evolution of the KKE information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Greece Evolution of the KKE should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.