Greece The Legislative Branch
Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
The Assembly is a unicameral body of 300 deputies elected through direct, universal, and secret ballot (see The Electoral System , this ch.). The term is four years except in time of war, when it is extended for the duration. The Assembly convenes on the first Monday in October for an annual session of at least five months. It elects its own officers and a standing committee that determines the order of legislative work. At the beginning of each session, committees are formed to examine bills, with committee membership proportional to party representation in the chamber. In practice, only the law-making committees have performed as a regular part of this system however.
The Assembly generally conducts legislative business in plenary sessions, as required under the constitution when certain subjects are deliberated. The prescribed subjects include parliamentary standing orders and elections; church-state relations, religious freedom, and individual liberties; the operation of political parties; delegation of legislative authority to a cabinet minister; and authorization of the state budget. Plenary sessions may also be requested by the government to consider bills of particular importance for debate and passage.
When the Assembly is in recess, its legislative work (with the exception of subjects specifically reserved for consideration by full session) may be conducted by a legislative section. The Assembly usually divides into two sections, equal in size and proportionally representative of the strength of the political parties in the legislature. The jurisdiction of each section corresponds to the jurisdictions of roughly half the government ministries. A bill passed by a section has the same status as one adopted by the full Assembly.
Bills may be introduced by the government or by a member of the Assembly. In practice, however, the vast majority of laws passed originate with the government. To pass a bill in plenary session of the Assembly requires an absolute majority of those present, which must not be less than one-quarter of the total membership. Passage of a bill by a section requires approval by a majority of those present; the majority must be at least two-fifths of the total sectional membership. A bill rejected by either a section or by the plenum cannot be reintroduced in the same annual session.
Data as of December 1994
NOTE: The information regarding Greece on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Greece The Legislative Branch information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Greece The Legislative Branch should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.