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Soviet Union (former) The Location of the Machine-Building Industry
Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
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    Traditionally, the Soviet machine-building industries have been centered in the European part of the Soviet Union; large plants are located in Moscow, Leningrad, Khar'kov, Minsk, Gor'kiy, Saratov, and in cities in the Urals. In the 1980s, the industry was gradually adding major centers in the Kazakh Republic and other areas in Soviet Central Asia, Siberia, and the Soviet Far East. The instrumen- building sector was more dispersed and had centers in Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Voronezh, Orel, Ryazan', Kazan', Gor'kiy, Riga, Minsk, Tbilisi, Chelyabinsk, Tomsk, and Frunze. Agricultural machines were produced near major crop areas. Examples of this concentration were Khar'kov in the Ukrainian Republic; Minsk in the Belorussian Republic; Lipetsk, Vladimir, Volgograd. and Chelyabinsk in the western Russian Republic; the Altai region in the eastern Russian Republic; and Pavlodar in the Kazakh Republic. Because low crop yield has been a chronic problem, the agricultural equipment industry has emphasized large mechanized tractor and harvester units that can cover vast, low-yield tracts economically.

    Data as of May 1989

    NOTE: The information regarding Soviet Union (former) on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Soviet Union (former) The Location of the Machine-Building Industry information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Soviet Union (former) The Location of the Machine-Building Industry should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.

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Revised 10-Nov-04
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