Turks and Caicos Islands Population
Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies
The Turks and Caicos had a 1985 population of approximately 8,600, growing at an annual rate of 3.3 percent. The population continued to fluctuate, however, because of a high birth rate and the constant movement of young men in search of work between the Turks and Caicos and the Bahamas. Blacks made up 90 percent of the total; the remainder were mulatto or white.
Although the Turks and Caicos were still relatively undeveloped in the mid-1980s, some illegal immigrant workers, mostly Haitians and Dominicans, arrived in the islands to perform low-wage hotel jobs spurned by local citizens. Although their labor contributed to the tourism industry, in 1985 the illegals became such a burden on the islands' already-overstretched funds for health and welfare that the government made its first forced deportation of Haitians.
Population density in the Turks and Caicos Islands remained very low, at sixteen persons per square kilometer. In 1982 the birth rate was a moderately high 25.5 per 1,000; infant mortality stood at 24 per 1,000 births. In 1985 the average life expectancy at birth was 70.2 years.
Approximately 42 percent of the citizens of the Turks and Caicos Islands were Baptist; 19 percent, Methodist; 17 percent, Anglican; and 22 percent, members of other Christian churches.
Data as of November 1987
NOTE: The information regarding Turks and Caicos Islands on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turks and Caicos Islands Population information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turks and Caicos Islands Population should be addressed to the Library of Congress.