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Yugoslavia (former) FOREIGN TRADE
Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
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    Figure 11. Transportation and Pipeline System, 1990


    Mostar loop, part of the Belgrade highway system
    Courtesy Yugoslav National Tourist Office, New York


    Beach at Dubrovnik, one of Yugoslavia's major tourist areas
    Courtesy World Bank (Hilda Bijur)

    Unlike other East European countries, Yugoslavia had no centralized foreign trade plan, nor was it controlled by a central foreign trade ministry or a small number of state trading organizations. Although the government encouraged production for export, enterprises themselves took part in making trade policy. The Associated Labor Act of 1976 established self-managed communities of interest for foreign economic relations in each republic and province; those organizations determined what goods their jurisdiction should import. The communities of interest included representatives of local basic organizations of associated labor, banks, and other organizations involved in trade. Their principal missions were to maximize export profits and to limit imports to comply with the federal deficit ceiling.

    Data as of December 1990

    NOTE: The information regarding Yugoslavia (former) on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Yugoslavia (former) FOREIGN TRADE information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Yugoslavia (former) FOREIGN TRADE should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.

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Revised 12-Nov-04
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