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Yugoslavia (former) The Leadership Crisis
Sources: The Library of Congress Country Studies; CIA World Factbook
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    A political crisis occurred in late 1988 when Prime Minister Branko Mikulic resigned under pressure. Mikulic, who had initiated several austerity programs to reduce rampant inflation, met general disapproval when his programs produced no immediate results. He was also implicated in the Agrokomerc scandal of 1987, the most extensive instance of government and financial corruption in Yugoslavia to that time. In accordance with the constitutional provisions for resignation, the Mikulic government remained in office until a new government, headed by Ante Markovic, was selected in the spring of 1989. Markovic, who had gained a reputation as an effective economic innovator and moderate politician in Croatia, drew heavy criticism for refusing to take drastic anti-inflation measures, and for allowing both the economy and the Kosovo crisis to worsen in his first year in office.

    Throughout the turbulent debates of the 1980s, the Yugoslav political system never produced a leader who commanded the respect of all factions. But by the turn of the decade, an end to the leadership crisis appeared possible. Markovic, who became prime minister in 1989, clearly belonged to a generation of technocrats intermediate between the Tito generation and the youngest politicians in the country, and some of his economic policies received strong public criticism. But Markovic made bold moves toward a Yugoslav market economy in 1990. He received broad public support when he declared that his government would function independently of LCY influence, and would be ready for multiparty elections after the LCY split in 1990. More important for the long term, a new generation of leaders began to fill national positions at the end of the 1980s, leaving few figures from Tito's World War II Partisan circle in power. New faces included 1989 State President Janez Drnovsek of Slovenia and Vasil Tupurkovski, a Macedonian member of the Federal Executive Council. Both in their thirties when elected but with positive national reputations, Drnovsek and Tupurkovski called consistently for pragmatic, drastic reform.

    Data as of December 1990

    NOTE: The information regarding Yugoslavia (former) on this page is re-published from The Library of Congress Country Studies and the CIA World Factbook. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Yugoslavia (former) The Leadership Crisis information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Yugoslavia (former) The Leadership Crisis should be addressed to the Library of Congress and the CIA.

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Revised 27-Mar-05
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