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Angola Geography 1999

    Location: Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Geographic coordinates: 12 30 S, 18 30 E

    Map references: Africa

    total: 1,246,700 sq km
    land: 1,246,700 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 5,198 km
    border countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,511 km of which 220 km is the boundary of discontiguous Cabinda Province, Republic of the Congo 201 km, Namibia 1,376 km, Zambia 1,110 km

    Coastline: 1,600 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April)

    Terrain: narrow coastal plain rises abruptly to vast interior plateau

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Morro de Moco 2,620 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium

    Land use:
    arable land: 2%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 23%
    forests and woodland: 43%
    other: 32% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 750 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: locally heavy rainfall causes periodic flooding on the plateau

    Environment—current issues: the overuse of pastures and subsequent soil erosion attributable to population pressures; desertification; deforestation of tropical rain forest, in response to both international demand for tropical timber and to domestic use as fuel, resulting in loss of biodiversity; soil erosion contributing to water pollution and siltation of rivers and dams; inadequate supplies of potable water

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Law of the Sea
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change

    Geography—note: Cabinda is separated from rest of country by the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)