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Antigua and Barbuda Geography

    Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico

    Geographic coordinates: 17 03 N, 61 48 W

    Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

    Area:
    total: 440 sq km
    land: 440 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes Redonda

    Area—comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 153 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation

    Terrain: mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Boggy Peak 402 m

    Natural resources: NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism

    Land use:
    arable land: 18%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 9%
    forests and woodland: 11%
    other: 62% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: hurricanes and tropical storms (July to October); periodic droughts

    Environment—current issues: water management—a major concern because of limited natural fresh water resources—is further hampered by the clearing of trees to increase crop production, causing rainfall to run off quickly

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)