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Aruba (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: none
    conventional short form: Aruba

    Data code: AA

    Dependency status: part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs obtained in 1986 upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles

    Government type: parliamentary

    Capital: Oranjestad

    Administrative divisions: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

    Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; in 1990, Aruba requested and received from the Netherlands cancellation of the agreement to automatically give independence to the island in 1996)

    National holiday: Flag Day, 18 March

    Constitution: 1 January 1986

    Legal system: based on Dutch civil law system, with some English common law influence

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: Queen BEATRIX Wilhelmina Armgard of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980), represented by Governor General Olindo KOOLMAN (since 1 January 1992)
    head of government: Prime Minister Jan (Henny) H. EMAN (since 29 July 1994) and Deputy Prime Minister Glenbert F. CROES
    cabinet: Council of Ministers (elected by the Staten)
    elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed for a six-year term by the monarch; prime minister and deputy prime minister elected by the Staten for a four-year term; election last held 12 July 1997 (next to be held by December 2001)
    election results: inconclusive; no party won majority in December 1997 parliamentary elections; no new government formed as of May 1998

    Legislative branch: unicameral Legislature or Staten (21 seats; members elected by direct popular vote and serve four-year terms)
    elections: last held 12 December 1997 (next to be held by NA December 2001)
    election results: percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—AVP 10, MEP 9, OLA 2

    Judicial branch: Joint High Court of Justice (judges are appointed by the monarch)

    Political parties and leaders: Electoral Movement Party or MEP [Nelson ODUBER]; Aruban People's Party or AVP [Jan (Henny) H. EMAN]; National Democratic Action or ADN [Pedro Charro KELLY]; New Patriotic Party or PPN [Eddy WERLEMEN]; Aruban Patriotic Party or PPA [Benny NISBET]; Aruban Democratic Party or PDA [Leo BERLINSKI]; Democratic Action '86 or AD '86 [Arturo ODUBER]; Aruban Liberal Party or OLA [Glenbert CROES]; Electoral People's Movement or MEP [Betico CROES]; For a Restructured Aruba Now or PARA [Urbana LOPEZ]

    International organization participation: Caricom (observer), ECLAC (associate), Interpol, IOC, UNESCO (associate), WCL, WToO (associate)

    Diplomatic representation in the US: none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Consul General James L. WILLIAMS
    embassy: J. B. Gorsiraweg #1, Curacao
    mailing address: P. O. Box 158, Willemstad, Curacao
    telephone: [599] (9) 461-3066
    FAX: [599] (9) 461-6489

    Flag description: blue, with two narrow, horizontal, yellow stripes across the lower portion and a red, four-pointed star outlined in white in the upper hoist-side corner

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)