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Ashmore and Cartier Islands (territory of Australia) Geography

    Location: Southeastern Asia, islands in the Indian Ocean, northwest of Australia

    Geographic coordinates: 12 14 S, 123 05 E

    Map references: Southeast Asia

    Area:
    total: 5 sq km
    land: 5 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes Ashmore Reef (West, Middle, and East Islets) and Cartier Island

    Area—comparative: about eight times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 74.1 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 12 nm
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 3 nm

    Climate: tropical

    Terrain: low with sand and coral

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: unnamed location 3 m

    Natural resources: fish

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 0%
    other: 100% (all grass and sand)

    Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1993)

    Natural hazards: surrounded by shoals and reefs that can pose maritime hazards

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

    Geography—note: Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve established in August 1983

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)