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Australia Transportation

    Railways:
    total: 38,563 km (2,914 km electrified)
    broad gauge: 6,083 km 1.600-m gauge
    standard gauge: 16,752 km 1.435-m gauge
    narrow gauge: 15,728 km 1.067-m gauge
    dual gauge: 172 km NA gauges

    Highways:
    total: 913,000 km
    paved: 353,331 km (including 13,630 km of expressways)
    unpaved: 559,669 km (1996 est.)

    Waterways: 8,368 km; mainly by small, shallow-draft craft

    Pipelines: crude oil 2,500 km; petroleum products 500 km; natural gas 5,600 km

    Ports and harbors: Adelaide, Brisbane, Cairns, Darwin, Devonport (Tasmania), Fremantle, Geelong, Hobart (Tasmania), Launceston (Tasmania), Mackay, Melbourne, Sydney, Townsville

    Merchant marine:
    total: 57 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 1,767,387 GRT/2,426,710 DWT
    ships by type: bulk 29, cargo 3, chemical tanker 4, container 4, liquefied gas tanker 4, oil tanker 8, passenger 1, roll-on/roll-off cargo 4 (1998 est.)

    Airports: 408 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with paved runways:
    total: 262
    over 3,047 m: 11
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 11
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 112
    914 to 1,523 m: 120
    under 914 m: 8 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with unpaved runways:
    total: 146
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 19
    914 to 1,523 m: 114
    under 914 m: 13 (1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)