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Bangladesh Geography 1999

    Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India

    Geographic coordinates: 24 00 N, 90 00 E

    Map references: Asia

    total: 144,000 sq km
    land: 133,910 sq km
    water: 10,090 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Wisconsin

    Land boundaries:
    total: 4,246 km
    border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km

    Coastline: 580 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 18 nm
    continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; cool, dry winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); cool, rainy monsoon (June to October)

    Terrain: mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Keokradong 1,230 m

    Natural resources: natural gas, arable land, timber

    Land use:
    arable land: 73%
    permanent crops: 2%
    permanent pastures: 5%
    forests and woodland: 15%
    other: 5% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 31,000 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely flooded during the summer monsoon season

    Environment—current issues: many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; limited access to potable water; water-borne diseases prevalent; water pollution especially of fishing areas results from the use of commercial pesticides; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation; deforestation; severe overpopulation

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)