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Belarus Geography

    Location: Eastern Europe, east of Poland

    Geographic coordinates: 53 00 N, 28 00 E

    Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

    Area:
    total: 207,600 sq km
    land: 207,600 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Kansas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 3,098 km
    border countries: Latvia 141 km, Lithuania 502 km, Poland 605 km, Russia 959 km, Ukraine 891 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: cold winters, cool and moist summers; transitional between continental and maritime

    Terrain: generally flat and contains much marshland

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Nyoman River 90 m
    highest point: Dzyarzhynskaya Hara 346 m

    Natural resources: forests, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas

    Land use:
    arable land: 29%
    permanent crops: 1%
    permanent pastures: 15%
    forests and woodland: 34%
    other: 21% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 1,000 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: soil pollution from pesticide use; southern part of the country contaminated with fallout from 1986 nuclear reactor accident at Chornobyl' in northern Ukraine

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Biodiversity, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change, Law of the Sea

    Geography—note: landlocked

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)