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Bolivia Geography

    Location: Central South America, southwest of Brazil

    Geographic coordinates: 17 00 S, 65 00 W

    Map references: South America

    Area:
    total: 1,098,580 sq km
    land: 1,084,390 sq km
    water: 14,190 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Montana

    Land boundaries:
    total: 6,743 km
    border countries: Argentina 832 km, Brazil 3,400 km, Chile 861 km, Paraguay 750 km, Peru 900 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: varies with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid

    Terrain: rugged Andes Mountains with a highland plateau (Altiplano), hills, lowland plains of the Amazon Basin

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Rio Paraguay 90 m
    highest point: Nevado Sajama 6,542 m

    Natural resources: tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber

    Land use:
    arable land: 2%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 24%
    forests and woodland: 53%
    other: 21% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 1,750 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: cold, thin air of high plateau is obstacle to efficient fuel combustion, as well as to physical activity by those unaccustomed to it from birth; flooding in the northeast (March-April)

    Environment—current issues: the clearing of land for agricultural purposes and the international demand for tropical timber are contributing to deforestation; soil erosion from overgrazing and poor cultivation methods (including slash-and-burn agriculture); desertification; loss of biodiversity; industrial pollution of water supplies used for drinking and irrigation

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection

    Geography—note: landlocked; shares control of Lago Titicaca, world's highest navigable lake (elevation 3,805 m), with Peru

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)