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Brazil Transportation

    Railways:
    total: 28,862 km (1,187 km electrified)
    broad gauge: 4,123 km 1.600-m gauge
    narrow gauge: 24,390 km 1.000-m gauge; 13 km 0.760-m gauge
    dual gauge: 336 km 1.000-m and 1.600-m gauges (three rails)

    Highways:
    total: 1.98 million km
    paved: 184,140 km
    unpaved: 1,795,860 km (1996 est.)

    Waterways: 50,000 km navigable

    Pipelines: crude oil 2,980 km; petroleum products 4,762 km; natural gas 4,246 km (1998)

    Ports and harbors: Belem, Fortaleza, Ilheus, Imbituba, Manaus, Paranagua, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande, Salvador, Santos, Vitoria

    Merchant marine:
    total: 179 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 4,132,037 GRT/6,642,442 DWT
    ships by type: bulk 35, cargo 28, chemical tanker 6, combination ore/oil 10, container 10, liquefied gas tanker 10, multifunction large-load carrier 1, oil tanker 61, passenger-cargo 5, refrigerated cargo 1, roll-on/roll-off cargo 11, short-sea passenger 1 (1998 est.)

    Airports: 3,265 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with paved runways:
    total: 514
    over 3,047 m: 5
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 19
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 134
    914 to 1,523 m: 325
    under 914 m: 31 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with unpaved runways:
    total: 2,751
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 73
    914 to 1,523 m: 1,312
    under 914 m: 1,366 (1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)