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Burma Geography

    Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand

    Geographic coordinates: 22 00 N, 98 00 E

    Map references: Southeast Asia

    Area:
    total: 678,500 sq km
    land: 657,740 sq km
    water: 20,760 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 5,876 km
    border countries: Bangladesh 193 km, China 2,185 km, India 1,463 km, Laos 235 km, Thailand 1,800 km

    Coastline: 1,930 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical monsoon; cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers (southwest monsoon, June to September); less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter (northeast monsoon, December to April)

    Terrain: central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Andaman Sea 0 m
    highest point: Hkakabo Razi 5,881 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, some marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas

    Land use:
    arable land: 15%
    permanent crops: 1%
    permanent pastures: 1%
    forests and woodland: 49%
    other: 34% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 10,680 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes and cyclones; flooding and landslides common during rainy season (June to September); periodic droughts

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; industrial pollution of air, soil, and water; inadequate sanitation and water treatment contribute to disease

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: strategic location near major Indian Ocean shipping lanes

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)