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Cambodia Geography

    Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos

    Geographic coordinates: 13 00 N, 105 00 E

    Map references: Southeast Asia

    Area:
    total: 181,040 sq km
    land: 176,520 sq km
    water: 4,520 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Oklahoma

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,572 km
    border countries: Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km

    Coastline: 443 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation

    Terrain: mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
    highest point: Phnum Aoral 1,810 m

    Natural resources: timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential

    Land use:
    arable land: 13%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 11%
    forests and woodland: 66%
    other: 10% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 920 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: monsoonal rains (June to November); flooding; occasional droughts

    Environment—current issues: illegal logging activities throughout the country and strip mining for gems in the western region along the border with Thailand are resulting in habitat loss and declining biodiversity (in particular, destruction of mangrove swamps threatens natural fisheries); soil erosion; in rural areas, a majority of the population does not have access to potable water; toxic waste delivery from Taiwan sparked unrest in Kampong Saom (Sihanoukville) in December 1998

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Marine Life Conservation, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping

    Geography—note: a land of paddies and forests dominated by the Mekong River and Tonle Sap

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)