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Central African Republic Geography

    Location: Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Geographic coordinates: 7 00 N, 21 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 622,980 sq km
    land: 622,980 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 5,203 km
    border countries: Cameroon 797 km, Chad 1,197 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,577 km, Republic of the Congo 467 km, Sudan 1,165 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers

    Terrain: vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Oubangui River 335 m
    highest point: Mont Ngaoui 1,420 m

    Natural resources: diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil

    Land use:
    arable land: 3%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 5%
    forests and woodland: 75%
    other: 17% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: hot, dry, dusty harmattan winds affect northern areas; floods are common

    Environment—current issues: tap water is not potable; poaching has diminished its reputation as one of the last great wildlife refuges; desertification; deforestation

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

    Geography—note: landlocked; almost the precise center of Africa

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)