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Chad Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Chad
    conventional short form: Chad
    local long form: Republique du Tchad
    local short form: Tchad

    Data code: CD

    Government type: republic

    Capital: N'Djamena

    Administrative divisions: 14 prefectures (prefectures, singular—prefecture); Batha, Biltine, Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti, Chari-Baguirmi, Guera, Kanem, Lac, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mayo-Kebbi, Moyen-Chari, Ouaddai, Salamat, Tandjile

    Independence: 11 August 1960 (from France)

    National holiday: Independence Day, 11 August (1960)

    Constitution: 31 March 1995, passed by referendum

    Legal system: based on French civil law system and Chadian customary law; does not accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Lt. Gen. Idriss DEBY (since 4 December 1990)
    head of government: Prime Minister Nassour Guelengdouksia OUAIDOU (since 16 May 1997)
    cabinet: Council of State appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister
    elections: president elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; if no candidate receives at least 50% of the total vote, the two candidates receiving the most votes must stand for a second round of voting; last held 2 June and 11 July 1996 (next to be held NA 2001); prime minister appointed by the president
    election results: in the first round of voting none of the 15 candidates received the required 50% of the total vote; percent of vote, first round—Lt. Gen. Idress DEBY 47.8%; percent of vote, second round—Lt. Gen. DEBY 69.1%, Wadal Abdelkader KAMOUGUE 30.9%

    Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (125 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms); replaces the Higher Transitional Council or the Conseil Superieur de Transition
    elections: National Assembly—last held in two rounds on 5 January and 23 February 1997, (next to be held NA 2001); in the first round of voting some candidates won clear victories by receiving 50% or more of the vote; where that did not happen, the two highest scoring candidates stood for a second round of voting
    election results: percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—MPS 65, URD 29, UNDR 15, RDP 3, others 13

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; Criminal Courts; Magistrate Courts

    Political parties and leaders: Patriotic Salvation Movement or MPS [Maldom Bada ABBAS, chairman] (originally in opposition but now the party in power and the party of the president); National Union for Development and Renewal or UNDR [Saleh KEBZABO]; Rally for Democracy and Progress or RDP [Lal Mahamat CHOUA]; Union for Renewal and Democracy or URD [Gen. Wadal Abdelkader KAMOUGUE]; note—in mid-1996 Chad had about 60 political parties, of which these are the most prominent in the new National Assembly

    International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, MINURCA, NAM, OAU, OIC, OPCW, UDEAC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Hassaballah Abdelhadi Ahmat SOUBIANE
    chancery: 2002 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
    telephone: [1] (202) 462-4009
    FAX: [1] (202) 265-1937

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador David C. HALSTED
    embassy: Avenue Felix Eboue, N'Djamena
    mailing address: B. P. 413, N'Djamena
    telephone: [235] (51) 70-09, (51) 90-52, (51) 92-33
    FAX: [235] (51) 56-54

    Flag description: three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red; similar to the flag of Romania; also similar to the flag of Andorra, which has a national coat of arms featuring a quartered shield centered in the yellow band; design was based on the flag of France

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)