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Comoros Geography

    Location: Southern Africa, group of islands in the Mozambique Channel, about two-thirds of the way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique

    Geographic coordinates: 12 10 S, 44 15 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 2,170 sq km
    land: 2,170 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly more than 12 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 340 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)

    Terrain: volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Le Kartala 2,360 m

    Natural resources: NEGL

    Land use:
    arable land: 35%
    permanent crops: 10%
    permanent pastures: 7%
    forests and woodland: 18%
    other: 30% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: cyclones possible during rainy season (December to April); Le Kartala on Grand Comore is an active volcano

    Environment—current issues: soil degradation and erosion results from crop cultivation on slopes without proper terracing; deforestation

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: important location at northern end of Mozambique Channel

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)