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Congo, Republic of the Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of the Congo
    conventional short form: none
    local long form: Republique du Congo
    local short form: none
    former: Congo/Brazzaville, Congo

    Data code: CF

    Government type: republic

    Capital: Brazzaville

    Administrative divisions: 9 regions (regions, singular—region) and 1 commune*; Bouenza, Brazzaville*, Cuvette, Kouilou, Lekoumou, Likouala, Niari, Plateaux, Pool, Sangha

    Independence: 15 August 1960 (from France)

    National holiday: Congolese National Day, 15 August (1960)

    Constitution: new constitution approved by referendum March 1992 but is now being redrafted by President SASSOU-NGUESSO

    Legal system: based on French civil law system and customary law

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO (since 25 October 1997, following the civil war in which he toppled elected president Pascal LISSOUBA); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    head of government: normally the prime minister, appointed from the majority party by the president; however, since his inauguration, President Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO has been both chief of state and head of government
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
    elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 16 August 1992 (next was to be held 27 July 1997 but will be delayed for several years pending the drafting of a new constitution)
    election results: Pascal LISSOUBA elected president in 1992; percent of vote—Pascal LISSOUBA 61%, Bernard KOLELAS 39%; note—LISSOUBA was deposed in 1997, replaced by Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO

    Legislative branch: unicameral National Transitional Council (75 seats, members elected by reconciliation forum of 1,420 delegates; note—the National Transitioanl Council replaced the bicameral Paarliament in mid-1997
    elections: National Transitional Council—last held NA January 1998 (next to be held NA 2001); note—at that election the National Transitional Council is to be replaced by a bicameral assembly
    election results: National Transitional Council—percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—NA

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)

    Political parties and leaders: the most important of the many political parties are Congolese Labor Party or PCT [Denis SASSOU-NGUESSO, president]; Association for Democracy and Development or RDD [Joachim YHOMBI-OPANGO, president]; Association for Democracy and Social Progress or RDPS [Jean-Pierre Thystere TCHICAYA, president]; Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development or MCDDI [Michel MAMPOUYA]; Pan-African Union for Social Development or UPADS [Martin MBERI]; Union of Democratic Forces or UFD [Sebastian EBAO]; Union for Democratic Renewal or URD [leader NA]; Union for Development and Social Progress or UDPS [Jean-Michael BOKAMBA-YANGOUMA]

    Political pressure groups and leaders: Union of Congolese Socialist Youth or UJSC; Congolese Trade Union Congress or CSC; Revolutionary Union of Congolese Women or URFC; General Union of Congolese Pupils and Students or UGEEC

    International organization participation: ACCT, ACP, AfDB, BDEAC, CCC, CEEAC, ECA, FAO, FZ, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ITU, MONUA, NAM, OAU, OPCW, UDEAC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: (vacant); Charge d'Affaires ad interim Serge MOMBOULI
    chancery: 4891 Colorado Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20011
    telephone: [1] (202) 726-5500
    FAX: [1] (202) 726-1860

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador J. Aubrey HOOKS
    embassy: Avenue Amilcar Cabral, Brazzaville
    mailing address: B. P. 1015, Brazzaville
    telephone: [242] 83 20 70
    FAX: [242] 83 63 38
    note: the embassy is temporarily collocated with the US Embassy in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (US Embassy Kinshasa, 310 Avenue des Aviateurs, Kinshasa)

    Flag description: divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a yellow band; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is red; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)