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Cook Islands (self-governing in free association with New Zealand) Geography

    Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

    Geographic coordinates: 21 14 S, 159 46 W

    Map references: Oceania

    total: 240 sq km
    land: 240 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: 1.3 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 120 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds

    Terrain: low coral atolls in north; volcanic, hilly islands in south

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Te Manga 652 m

    Natural resources: NEGL

    Land use:
    arable land: 9%
    permanent crops: 13%
    permanent pastures: NA%
    forests and woodland: NA%
    other: 78% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: typhoons (November to March)

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertication, Law of the Sea
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)