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Croatia Geography 1999

    Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia

    Geographic coordinates: 45 10 N, 15 30 E

    Map references: Europe

    total: 56,538 sq km
    land: 56,410 sq km
    water: 128 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,197 km
    border countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Serbia and Montenegro 266 km (241 km with Serbia; 25 km with Montenegro), Slovenia 670 km

    Coastline: 5,790 km (mainland 1,778 km, islands 4,012 km)

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast

    Terrain: geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coast, coastline, and islands

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
    highest point: Dinara 1,830 m

    Natural resources: oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt

    Land use:
    arable land: 21%
    permanent crops: 2%
    permanent pastures: 20%
    forests and woodland: 38%
    other: 19% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 30 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: frequent and destructive earthquakes

    Environment—current issues: air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; widespread casualties and destruction of infrastructure in border areas affected by civil strife

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification

    Geography—note: controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)