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Cuba Geography

    Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Florida

    Geographic coordinates: 21 30 N, 80 00 W

    Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

    total: 110,860 sq km
    land: 110,860 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

    Land boundaries:
    total: 29 km
    border countries: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 29 km
    note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and thus remains part of Cuba

    Coastline: 3,735 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)

    Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Pico Turquino 2,005 m

    Natural resources: cobalt, nickel, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber, silica, petroleum

    Land use:
    arable land: 24%
    permanent crops: 7%
    permanent pastures: 27%
    forests and woodland: 24%
    other: 18% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 9,100 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: the east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to October (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common

    Environment—current issues: pollution of Havana Bay; overhunting threatens wildlife populations; deforestation

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
    signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Marine Life Conservation

    Geography—note: largest country in Caribbean

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)