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Cyprus Geography

    Location: Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey

    Geographic coordinates: 35 00 N, 33 00 E

    Map references: Middle East

    Area:
    total: 9,250 sq km (note—of which 3,355 sq km are in the Turkish Cypriot area)
    land: 9,240 sq km
    water: 10 sq km

    Area—comparative: about 0.6 times the size of Connecticut

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 648 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: temperate, Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters

    Terrain: central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
    highest point: Olympus 1,952 m

    Natural resources: copper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

    Land use:
    arable land: 12%
    permanent crops: 5%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 13%
    other: 70% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 390 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: moderate earthquake activity

    Environment—current issues: water resource problems (no natural reservoir catchments, seasonal disparity in rainfall; sea water intrusion to island's largest aquifer; increased salination in the north); water pollution from sewage and industrial wastes; coastal degradation; loss of wildlife habitats from urbanization

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)