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Denmark Geography

    Location: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, on a peninsula north of Germany

    Geographic coordinates: 56 00 N, 10 00 E

    Map references: Europe

    Area:
    total: 43,094 sq km
    land: 42,394 sq km
    water: 700 sq km
    note: includes the island of Bornholm in the Baltic Sea and the rest of metropolitan Denmark, but excludes the Faroe Islands and Greenland

    Area—comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Massachusetts

    Land boundaries:
    total: 68 km
    border countries: Germany 68 km

    Coastline: 7,314 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 4 nm
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 3 nm

    Climate: temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers

    Terrain: low and flat to gently rolling plains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Lammefjord -7 m
    highest point: Ejer Bavnehoj 173 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, stone, gravel and sand

    Land use:
    arable land: 60%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 5%
    forests and woodland: 10%
    other: 25% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 4,350 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: flooding is a threat in some areas of the country (e.g., parts of Jutland, along the southern coast of the island of Lolland) that are protected from the sea by a system of dikes

    Environment—current issues: air pollution, principally from vehicle and power plant emissions; nitrogen and phosphorus pollution of the North Sea; drinking and surface water becoming polluted from animal wastes and pesticides

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea

    Geography—note: controls Danish Straits (Skagerrak and Kattegat) linking Baltic and North Seas; about one-quarter of the population lives in Copenhagen

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)