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Denmark Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Kingdom of Denmark
    conventional short form: Denmark
    local long form: Kongeriget Danmark
    local short form: Danmark

    Data code: DA

    Government type: constitutional monarchy

    Capital: Copenhagen

    Administrative divisions: metropolitan Denmark—14 counties (amter, singular—amt) and 2 kommunes*; Arhus, Bornholm, Fredericksberg*, Frederiksborg, Fyn, Kobenhavn, Kobenhavns*, Nordjylland, Ribe, Ringkobing, Roskilde, Sonderjylland, Storstrom, Vejle, Vestsjalland, Viborg
    note: see separate entries for the Faroe Islands and Greenland, which are part of the Kingdom of Denmark and are self-governing administrative divisions

    Independence: first organized as a unified state in 10th century; in 1849 became a constitutional monarchy

    National holiday: Birthday of the Queen, 16 April (1940)

    Constitution: 1849 was the original constitution; there was a major overhaul 5 June 1953, allowing for a unicameral legislature and a female chief of state

    Legal system: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 January 1972); Heir Apparent Crown Prince FREDERIK, elder son of the monarch (born 26 May 1968)
    head of government: Prime Minister Poul Nyrup RASMUSSEN (since 25 January 1993)
    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the monarch
    elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch

    Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Folketing (179 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve four-year terms)
    elections: last held 11 March 1998 (next to be held NA 2002)
    election results: percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—progovernment parties: Social Democrats 65, Socialist People's Party 13, Radical Liberal Party 7, Unity Party 5; opposition: Liberal Party 43, Conservative Party 17, Danish People's Party 13, Center Democrats 8, Christian People's Party 4, Progress Party 4

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court, judges are appointed by the monarch for life

    Political parties and leaders: Social Democratic Party [Poul Nyrup RASMUSSEN]; Conservative Party [Torben RECHENDORFF]; Liberal Party [Uffe ELLEMANN-JENSEN]; Socialist People's Party [Holger K. NIELSEN]; Progress Party [Kirsten JAKOBSEN]; Center Democratic Party [Mimi JAKOBSEN]; Social Liberal Party [Marianne JELVED]; Unity Party [no leader]; Danish People's Party [Pia KJAERSGAARD]; Radical Liberal Party [Margrethe VESTAGER]; Conservative People's Party [Torben RECHENDORFF]; Christian People's Party [Jann SJURSEN]

    International organization participation: AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EIB, ESA, EU, FAO, G- 9, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MTCR, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMIBH, UNMOGIP, UNMOP, UNMOT, UNOMIG, UNPREDEP, UNTSO, UPU, WEU (observer), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO, ZC

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Knud-Erik TYGESEN
    chancery: 3200 Whitehaven Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 234-4300
    FAX: [1] (202) 328-1470
    consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Edward E. ELSON
    embassy: Dag Hammarskjolds Alle 24, 2100 Copenhagen
    mailing address: PSC 73, APO AE 09716
    telephone: [45] 35 55 31 44
    FAX: [45] 35 43 02 23

    Flag description: red with a white cross that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side, and that design element of the Dannebrog (Danish flag) was subsequently adopted by the other Nordic countries of Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)