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Djibouti Geography

    Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia

    Geographic coordinates: 11 30 N, 43 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 22,000 sq km
    land: 21,980 sq km
    water: 20 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Massachusetts

    Land boundaries:
    total: 508 km
    border countries: Eritrea 113 km, Ethiopia 337 km, Somalia 58 km

    Coastline: 314 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: desert; torrid, dry

    Terrain: coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Lac Assal -155 m
    highest point: Moussa Ali 2,028 m

    Natural resources: geothermal areas

    Land use:
    arable land: NA%
    permanent crops: NA%
    permanent pastures: 9%
    forests and woodland: 0%
    other: 91% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: earthquakes; droughts; occasional cyclonic disturbances from the Indian Ocean bring heavy rains and flash floods

    Environment—current issues: inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ship Pollution
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: strategic location near world's busiest shipping lanes and close to Arabian oilfields; terminus of rail traffic into Ethiopia; mostly wasteland

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)