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Dominican Republic Geography

    Location: Caribbean, eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of Haiti

    Geographic coordinates: 19 00 N, 70 40 W

    Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

    Area:
    total: 48,730 sq km
    land: 48,380 sq km
    water: 350 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly more than twice the size of New Hampshire

    Land boundaries:
    total: 275 km
    border countries: Haiti 275 km

    Coastline: 1,288 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 6 nm

    Climate: tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall

    Terrain: rugged highlands and mountains with fertile valleys interspersed

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Lago Enriquillo -46 m
    highest point: Pico Duarte 3,175 m

    Natural resources: nickel, bauxite, gold, silver

    Land use:
    arable land: 21%
    permanent crops: 9%
    permanent pastures: 43%
    forests and woodland: 12%
    other: 15% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 2,300 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October; occasional flooding; periodic droughts

    Environment—current issues: water shortages; soil eroding into the sea damages coral reefs; deforestation; Hurricane Georges damage

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

    Geography—note: shares island of Hispaniola with Haiti (eastern two-thirds is the Dominican Republic, western one-third is Haiti)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)