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Equatorial Guinea Geography

    Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Cameroon and Gabon

    Geographic coordinates: 2 00 N, 10 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 28,050 sq km
    land: 28,050 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

    Land boundaries:
    total: 539 km
    border countries: Cameroon 189 km, Gabon 350 km

    Coastline: 296 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; always hot, humid

    Terrain: coastal plains rise to interior hills; islands are volcanic

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Pico Basile 3,008 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, timber, small unexploited deposits of gold, manganese, uranium

    Land use:
    arable land: 5%
    permanent crops: 4%
    permanent pastures: 4%
    forests and woodland: 46%
    other: 41% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: violent windstorms, flash floods

    Environment—current issues: tap water is not potable; desertification

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ship Pollution
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: insular and continental regions rather widely separated

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)