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Ethiopia Geography

    Location: Eastern Africa, west of Somalia

    Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 38 00 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 1,127,127 sq km
    land: 1,119,683 sq km
    water: 7,444 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Texas

    Land boundaries:
    total: 5,311 km
    border countries: Djibouti 337 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 830 km, Somalia 1,626 km, Sudan 1,606 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation

    Terrain: high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Denakil -125 m
    highest point: Ras Dashen Terara 4,620 m

    Natural resources: small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas

    Land use:
    arable land: 12%
    permanent crops: 1%
    permanent pastures: 40%
    forests and woodland: 25%
    other: 22% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 1,900 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: geologically active Great Rift Valley susceptible to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions; frequent droughts

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban

    Geography—note: landlocked—entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)