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Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)(overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina) Geography 1999

    Location: Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of southern Argentina

    Geographic coordinates: 51 45 S, 59 00 W

    Map references: South America

    total: 12,173 sq km
    land: 12,173 sq km
    water: 0 sq km
    note: includes the two main islands of East and West Falkland and about 200 small islands

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 1,288 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200 nm
    exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year; occasional snow all year, except in January and February, but does not accumulate

    Terrain: rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mount Usborne 705 m

    Natural resources: fish, wildlife

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 99%
    forests and woodland: 0%
    other: 1% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: strong winds persist throughout the year

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

    Geography—note: deeply indented coast provides good natural harbors; short growing season

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)