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Fiji Geography 1999

    Location: Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

    Geographic coordinates: 18 00 S, 175 00 E

    Map references: Oceania

    total: 18,270 sq km
    land: 18,270 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 1,129 km

    Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
    continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation

    Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m

    Natural resources: timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential

    Land use:
    arable land: 10%
    permanent crops: 4%
    permanent pastures: 10%
    forests and woodland: 65%
    other: 11% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: cyclonic storms can occur from November to January

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; soil erosion

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertication, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: includes 332 islands of which approximately 110 are inhabited

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)