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Gabon Geography

    Location: Western Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea

    Geographic coordinates: 1 00 S, 11 45 E

    Map references: Africa

    Area:
    total: 267,670 sq km
    land: 257,670 sq km
    water: 10,000 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Colorado

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,551 km
    border countries: Cameroon 298 km, Republic of the Congo 1,903 km, Equatorial Guinea 350 km

    Coastline: 885 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; always hot, humid

    Terrain: narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mont Iboundji 1,575 m

    Natural resources: petroleum, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore

    Land use:
    arable land: 1%
    permanent crops: 1%
    permanent pastures: 18%
    forests and woodland: 77%
    other: 3% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 40 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: deforestation; poaching

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)