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Georgia Geography

    Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia

    Geographic coordinates: 42 00 N, 43 30 E

    Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

    Area:
    total: 69,700 sq km
    land: 69,700 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,461 km
    border countries: Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km

    Coastline: 310 km

    Maritime claims: NA

    Climate: warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

    Terrain: largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
    highest point: Mt'a Mqinvartsveri (Gora Kazbek) 5,048 m

    Natural resources: forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth

    Land use:
    arable land: 9%
    permanent crops: 4%
    permanent pastures: 25%
    forests and woodland: 34%
    other: 28% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 4,000 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: earthquakes

    Environment—current issues: air pollution, particularly in Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Desertification

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)