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Greenland (part of the Kingdom of Denmark) Geography

    Location: Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada

    Geographic coordinates: 72 00 N, 40 00 W

    Map references: Arctic Region

    Area:
    total: 2,175,600 sq km
    land: 2,175,600 sq km (341,600 sq km ice-free, 1,834,000 sq km ice-covered) (est.)

    Area—comparative: slightly more than three times the size of Texas

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 44,087 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 3 nm

    Climate: arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters

    Terrain: flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Gunnbjorn 3,700 m

    Natural resources: zinc, lead, iron ore, coal, molybdenum, gold, platinum, uranium, fish, seals, whales

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 1%
    forests and woodland: 0%
    other: 99% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: continuous permafrost over northern two-thirds of the island

    Environment—current issues: protection of the arctic environment; preservation of their traditional way of life, including whaling; note—Greenland participates actively in Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC)

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

    Geography—note: dominates North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe; sparse population confined to small settlements along coast

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)