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Guyana Geography

    Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela

    Geographic coordinates: 5 00 N, 59 00 W

    Map references: South America

    Area:
    total: 214,970 sq km
    land: 196,850 sq km
    water: 18,120 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than Idaho

    Land boundaries:
    total: 2,462 km
    border countries: Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km

    Coastline: 459 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: 200 nm or to the outer edge of the continental margin
    exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to mid-August, mid-November to mid-January)

    Terrain: mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Mount Roraima 2,835 m

    Natural resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish

    Land use:
    arable land: 2%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 6%
    forests and woodland: 84%
    other: 8% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 1,300 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: flash floods are a constant threat during rainy seasons

    Environment—current issues: water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)