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Heard Island and McDonald Islands (territory of Australia) Geography

    Location: Southern Africa, islands in the Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica

    Geographic coordinates: 53 06 S, 72 31 E

    Map references: Antarctic Region

    Area:
    total: 412 sq km
    land: 412 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly more than 2 times the size of Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 101.9 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 3 nm

    Climate: antarctic

    Terrain: Heard Island—bleak and mountainous, with a quiescent volcano; McDonald Islands—small and rocky

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Big Ben 2,745 m

    Natural resources: none

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 0%
    other: 100%

    Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1993)

    Natural hazards: Heard Island is dominated by a dormant volcano called Big Ben

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

    Geography—note: primarily used for research stations

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)