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Holy See (Vatican City) Geography 1999

    Location: Southern Europe, an enclave of Rome (Italy)

    Geographic coordinates: 41 54 N, 12 27 E

    Map references: Europe

    total: 0.44 sq km
    land: 0.44 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: about 0.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

    Land boundaries:
    total: 3.2 km
    border countries: Italy 3.2 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: temperate; mild, rainy winters (September to mid-May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)

    Terrain: low hill

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: unnamed location 19 m
    highest point: unnamed location 75 m

    Natural resources: none

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 0%
    other: 100% (urban area)

    Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1993)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: NA

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: none of the selected agreements
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution, Environmental Modification

    Geography—note: urban; landlocked; enclave of Rome, Italy; world's smallest state; outside the Vatican City, 13 buildings in Rome and Castel Gandolfo (the pope's summer residence) enjoy extraterritorial rights

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)