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Howland Island (territory of the US) Geography 1999

    Location: Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to Australia

    Geographic coordinates: 0 48 N, 176 38 W

    Map references: Oceania

    total: 1.6 sq km
    land: 1.6 sq km
    water: 0 sq km

    Area—comparative: about three times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

    Land boundaries: 0 km

    Coastline: 6.4 km

    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun

    Terrain: low-lying, nearly level, sandy, coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef; depressed central area

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
    highest point: unnamed location 3 m

    Natural resources: guano (deposits worked until late 1800s)

    Land use:
    arable land: 0%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 0%
    forests and woodland: 5%
    other: 95%

    Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998)

    Natural hazards: the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard

    Environment—current issues: no natural fresh water resources

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: NA
    signed, but not ratified: NA

    Geography—note: almost totally covered with grasses, prostrate vines, and low-growing shrubs; small area of trees in the center; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)