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India Transportation

    Railways:
    total: 62,915 km (12,307 km electrified; 12,617 km double track)
    broad gauge: 40,620 km 1.676-m gauge
    narrow gauge: 18,501 km 1.000-m gauge; 3,794 km 0.762-m and 0.610-m gauge (1998 est.)

    Highways:
    total: 3,319,644 km
    paved: 1,517,077 km
    unpaved: 1,802,567 km (1996 est.)

    Waterways: 16,180 km; 3,631 km navigable by large vessels

    Pipelines: crude oil 3,005 km; petroleum products 2,687 km; natural gas 1,700 km (1995)

    Ports and harbors: Calcutta, Chennai (Madras), Cochin, Jawaharal Nehru, Kandla, Mumbai (Bombay), Vishakhapatnam

    Merchant marine:
    total: 311 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 6,627,497 GRT/11,038,723 DWT
    ships by type: bulk 126, cargo 63, chemical tanker 11, combination bulk 2, combination ore/oil 3, container 12, liquefied gas tanker 10, oil tanker 76, passenger-cargo 5, short-sea passenger 1, specialized tanker 2 (1998 est.)

    Airports: 341 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with paved runways:
    total: 230
    over 3,047 m: 11
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 48
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 82
    914 to 1,523 m: 70
    under 914 m: 19 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with unpaved runways:
    total: 111
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 8
    914 to 1,523 m: 50
    under 914 m: 51 (1998 est.)

    Heliports: 17 (1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)