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Iran Communications 1999

    Telephones: 8,991,797 (1997 est.)

    Telephone system:
    domestic: 25 regional telecommunications authorities created in 1996; these authorities are responsible for implementing paging services and cellular systems; microwave radio relay extends throughout the country with the system centered in Tehran; system is moving toward digitization and direct-dial capability; 255 long-distance circuits (1999 est.); 366 telephone exchanges (1995 est.); 204,400 microwave channels (1996 est.); 230,000 cellular telephone subscribers (1997 est.); 3,930 pager subscribers (1995 est.)
    international: 13,985 international circuits (1999 est.) with a plan to reach 14,000 by March 1999; satellite earth stations—9 Intelsat (with 50 terminals) and 4 Inmarsat; HF radio and microwave radio relay to Turkey, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Syria, Kuwait, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan; submarine fiber-optic cable to UAE with access to Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG); Trans Asia Europe (TAE) fiber-optic line runs from Azerbaijan through the northern portion of Iran to Turkmenistan with expansion to Georgia and Azerbaijan; four Internet service providers as of 1997 with the number increasing (service limited to electronic mail to promote Iranian culture)

    Radio broadcast stations: AM 72, FM 6, shortwave 5 (1998 est.)

    Radios: 13 million (1999 est.)

    Television broadcast stations: 28 (in addition, there are 450 low-power repeaters, all government controlled) (1997)

    Televisions: 7 million (1999 est.)

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)