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Iraq Transportation

    Railways:
    total: 2,032 km
    standard gauge: 2,032 km 1.435-m gauge

    Highways:
    total: 47,400 km
    paved: 40,764 km
    unpaved: 6,636 km (1996 est.)

    Waterways: 1,015 km; Shatt al Arab is usually navigable by maritime traffic for about 130 km; channel has been dredged to 3 meters and is in use; Tigris and Euphrates Rivers have navigable sections for shallow-draft watercraft; Shatt al Basrah canal was navigable by shallow-draft craft before closing in 1991 because of the Persian Gulf war

    Pipelines: crude oil 4,350 km; petroleum products 725 km; natural gas 1,360 km

    Ports and harbors: Umm Qasr, Khawr az Zubayr, and Al Basrah have limited functionality

    Merchant marine:
    total: 30 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 456,845 GRT/780,318 DWT
    ships by type: cargo 14, oil tanker 11, passenger 1, passenger-cargo 1, refrigerated cargo 1, roll-on/roll-off cargo 2 (1998 est.)

    Airports: 109 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with paved runways:
    total: 77
    over 3,047 m: 20
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 36
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
    914 to 1,523 m: 7
    under 914 m: 7 (1998 est.)

    Airports—with unpaved runways:
    total: 32
    over 3,047 m: 3
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
    914 to 1,523 m: 10
    under 914 m: 11 (1998 est.)

    Heliports: 4 (1998 est.)

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)