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Ireland Geography

    Location: Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain

    Geographic coordinates: 53 00 N, 8 00 W

    Map references: Europe

    Area:
    total: 70,280 sq km
    land: 68,890 sq km
    water: 1,390 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia

    Land boundaries:
    total: 360 km
    border countries: UK 360 km

    Coastline: 1,448 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: not specified
    exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time

    Terrain: mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Carrauntoohill 1,041 m

    Natural resources: zinc, lead, natural gas, barite, copper, gypsum, limestone, dolomite, peat, silver

    Land use:
    arable land: 13%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 68%
    forests and woodland: 5%
    other: 14% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: NA sq km

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: water pollution, especially of lakes, from agricultural runoff

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Marine Life Conservation, Tropical Timber 94

    Geography—note: strategic location on major air and sea routes between North America and northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 97 km of Dublin

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)