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Israel (also see separate Gaza Strip and West Bank entries) Geography 1999

    Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon

    Geographic coordinates: 31 30 N, 34 45 E

    Map references: Middle East

    total: 20,770 sq km
    land: 20,330 sq km
    water: 440 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

    Land boundaries:
    total: 1,006 km
    border countries: Egypt 255 km, Gaza Strip 51 km, Jordan 238 km, Lebanon 79 km, Syria 76 km, West Bank 307 km

    Coastline: 273 km

    Maritime claims:
    continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
    territorial sea: 12 nm

    Climate: temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas

    Terrain: Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
    highest point: Har Meron 1,208 m

    Natural resources: copper, phosphates, bromide, potash, clay, sand, sulfur, asphalt, manganese, small amounts of natural gas and crude oil

    Land use:
    arable land: 17%
    permanent crops: 4%
    permanent pastures: 7%
    forests and woodland: 6%
    other: 66% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 1,800 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: sandstorms may occur during spring and summer

    Environment—current issues: limited arable land and natural fresh water resources pose serious constraints; desertification; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation

    Geography—note: there are 216 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the West Bank, 42 in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, 24 in the Gaza Strip, and 29 in East Jerusalem (August 1998 est.)

    - Steet Views יִשְׂרָאֵל
    - Articles about travel to Israel
    - Historic Security Council vote: Israeli settlemets

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)