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Korea, South Geography

    Location: Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea

    Geographic coordinates: 37 00 N, 127 30 E

    Map references: Asia

    Area:
    total: 98,480 sq km
    land: 98,190 sq km
    water: 290 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly larger than Indiana

    Land boundaries:
    total: 238 km
    border countries: North Korea 238 km

    Coastline: 2,413 km

    Maritime claims:
    contiguous zone: 24 nm
    continental shelf: not specified
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm in the Korea Strait

    Climate: temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter

    Terrain: mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m
    highest point: Halla-san 1,950 m

    Natural resources: coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower

    Land use:
    arable land: 19%
    permanent crops: 2%
    permanent pastures: 1%
    forests and woodland: 65%
    other: 13% (1993 est.)

    Irrigated land: 13,350 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common in southwest

    Environment—current issues: air pollution in large cities; water pollution from the discharge of sewage and industrial effluents; driftnet fishing

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
    signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)