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Kyrgyzstan Geography 1999

    Location: Central Asia, west of China

    Geographic coordinates: 41 00 N, 75 00 E

    Map references: Commonwealth of Independent States

    total: 198,500 sq km
    land: 191,300 sq km
    water: 7,200 sq km

    Area—comparative: slightly smaller than South Dakota

    Land boundaries:
    total: 3,878 km
    border countries: China 858 km, Kazakhstan 1,051 km, Tajikistan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,099 km

    Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

    Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

    Climate: dry continental to polar in high Tien Shan; subtropical in southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone

    Terrain: peaks of Tien Shan and associated valleys and basins encompass entire nation

    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Kara-Darya 132 m
    highest point: Jengish Chokusu (Pik Pobedy) 7,439 m

    Natural resources: abundant hydroelectric potential; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc

    Land use:
    arable land: 7%
    permanent crops: 0%
    permanent pastures: 44%
    forests and woodland: 4%
    other: 45% (1993 est.)
    note: Kyrgyzstan has the world's largest natural growth walnut forest

    Irrigated land: 9,000 sq km (1993 est.)

    Natural hazards: NA

    Environment—current issues: water pollution; many people get their water directly from contaminated streams and wells; as a result, water-borne diseases are prevalent; increasing soil salinity from faulty irrigation practices

    Environment—international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

    Geography—note: landlocked

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)